Nonlinear Dynamics of Human Aortas for Material Characterization

Talk by Prof. Marco Amabili (McGill University, Montreal, Canada)

05 March 2020 | 16:00
BMT03094
Stremayrgasse 16, 3rd floor, 8010 Graz

Abstract

Evaluating the nonlinear dynamics of human descending thoracic aortas is essential for building the next generation of vascular prostheses. This study characterizes the nonlinear dynamics, viscoelastic material properties and fluid-structure interaction of eleven ex-vivo human descending thoracic aortas in the full range of physiological heart rates. The aortic segments were harvested from heart beating donors screened for transplants. A mock circulatory loop was developed to reproduce physiological pulsatile pressure and flow. The results showed cyclic axisymmetric diameter changes, which were satisfactorily compared to in-vivo measurements at a resting pulse rate of 60 bpm, with an additional bending vibration. An increase of the dynamic stiffness (i.e. storage modulus) with age was also observed. This was accompanied by a strong reduction with age of the cyclic diameter change during the heart pulsation at 60 bpm and by a significant reduction of the loss factor (i.e. damping). Large dissipation was observed at higher pulse rates due to the combined effects of fluid-structure interaction and viscoelasticity of the aortic wall. This study presents data necessary for developing innovative grafts that better mimic the dynamics of the aorta.

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