07/2012 - 06/2017
© Martin Grabner
On a former industrial estate near Graz Central Station, an intelligent CO2-neutral district worth living in will be built by 2023. Innovative developments from the technology areas of buildings, energy networks and mobility will be combined in an integrative planning process with citizen participation to form an overall urban system. The 127,000 m2 quarter will in future offer space for around 3,500 residents and 1,000 jobs. The step-by-step realisation is currently being successfully completed.
In the course of the project it turned out several times that the formal instruments of spatial planning applicable in Austria are not sufficient to initiate and control a smart development process of a district. Therefore, new models for integrated and holistic urban planning and development processes are being developed, which can be applied to other districts of the target areas in Graz. Indicators have proven to be a helpful tool for evaluating a long-term development process and making recommendations for action. The indicators have to meet numerous requirements of a general and specific nature, from their significance and relevance to practicability, flexibility and transferability. Most existing indicator sets are not designed for urban quarters, but for cities as a whole or for individual buildings and can therefore only be used in part for the project area. Therefore, a set of indicators will be developed that is suitable for accompanying the development process of a Smart City neighbourhood from planning through step-by-step implementation to use.
07/2015 - 06/2018
An important future challenge will be to meet the mobility needs of the Graz population by offering services that are as environmentally friendly, resource-saving, affordable, socially acceptable and attractive as possible. The mobility strategy of the City of Graz decided by the Municipal Council of the City of Graz provides for qualitative measures to shift the "modal split" in the direction of public transport and to push for new forms of mobility that support it. As part of the KombiMo II demonstration project, five multimodal nodes will be established as mobility hotspots for linking public transport, cycling, car sharing with e-vehicles and e-taxis and made accessible via a multimodal map. In the future, Graz residents will be able to meet their mobility needs comprehensively without having to own their own car. When placing the multimodal nodes, attention was paid to a good distribution among the user groups and the urban area as well as the inclusion of the two large urban development projects "Smart City Waagner Biro" and "Reininghaus". As part of the demonstration project, multimodal nodes will be implemented at the following locations: Hasnerplatz, Schillerplatz, Messe, Smart City (List-Halle), Reininghaus (Central Park). In the course of the project, the framework conditions for the transfer to regular operation and, if necessary, a step-by-step rollout are to be verified.
03/2014 – 06/2015
© Institute of Urbanism
The revision of the City Development Concept 2000 (STEK 2000) of the city of Villach offered the opportunity to go new ways both in terms of content and process. On the one hand, the topic of "sustainable, energy-efficient urban development" should be more focused and coordinated with current or planned smart city initiatives and projects in Villach. On the other hand, stakeholder involvement and citizen participation were strategically considered from the outset and methodically implemented. Current topics and issues of the "city of the future", such as urban mobility, urban living and working, urban and socially compatible internal consolidation, the integration of renewable energy systems and new models of governance and participation, were given special consideration.After several expert workshops on the topics "Urban Development 2.0", "Urban Life", "Environment & Resources", "Economy & Employment" and "Urban Infrastructure", concrete recommendations for action were developed for the city of Villach.
09/2014 - 08/2016
© Michael Malderle, Institute of Urbanism
As part of the nationally funded research project "ERP_hoch3", the topic of energy space planning was examined, examined and simulated on three focal planes. While "ERP" stands for energy planning, the "3" stands for three different spatial references: urban quarters, public transport axes and intercommunal area potentials of renewable energies (region).In three Austrian city regions (Vienna, Graz, Feldkirch-Vorderland), existing control instruments with energy relevance were researched and from this, actionable recommendations for energy area planning were developed for city regions. The end product consists of three guidelines for urban planning, neighborhoods along public transport stops (public transport axes) and intercommunal land potentials for renewable energy sources.The research area in Vienna is located around the two largest inner-city development areas, the Northwest and North Railway Station. The study area in Graz coincides with the peripheral area of the Smart City target area Graz-Süd. Two railway axes were investigated, which proceed from the defined potential zones in Vienna and Graz: "Wien - Gänserndorf" (Northern Railway) and "Graz - Gleisdorf" (Eastern Railway).
Institute of Spatial Planning, Department Regional Planning and Regional Development, TU Vienna