Completed Research Projects

ParaSol

Multifunctional Solar-Active Square and Street Roofing Leoben

01/2019 – 02/2020


© Institute of Urbanism

A considerable part of our cities is occupied by areas of moving and stationary traffic. Outdoor parking spaces in particular are highly unecological and space-intensive. They seal the floors, promote the development of summer heat islands and can almost exclusively be used monofunctionally.

At the Use Case Leoben, concrete locations will be explored which urban spatial effects, synergy and energy potentials will be brought about by newly developed, solar-active square and street roofings in the form of wide-span lightweight constructions in public urban space and how they will affect the cityscape and the function of the city. The focus is on parking spaces but also on slow-travel roads or rails, whereby further scenarios for use are conceivable.

With the sounding out, a subsequent R&D demo project will be prepared in terms of content and strategy. This R&D project will demonstrate the application of existing and new material and photovoltaic technologies or combinations of technologies in the urban infrastructure in prototypes and shall lead to a marketable product development by incorporating the material knowledge in the region with a focus on membrane, polymer and thin glass technologies.

Project Lead: 

  • Aglaée Degros

Project Partner:

  • FH Salzburg – Smart Building & Smart Buildings in Smart Cities
  • Leoben Holding GmbH

Sponsor:

  • The Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG)

Project Team Institute of Urbanism:

  • Ida Pirstinger, Anna Maria Bagaric, Nina Habe, Mendi Kocis

More than Living 4.0

01/2019 – 02/2020


© Institute of Urbanism

Within the region of Upper Styria East there are great differences in size and location of the municipalities as well as in the accessibility of and equipment with services of general interest. Accordingly, demographic dynamics and the demand for residential and commercial space manifest themselves differently in Upper Styria East. This heterogeneity is offset by a low variance in the supply of housing. The detached house with garden is the most common residential building in the region. Classic housing market offers at comparatively low building land prices meet the wishes of many young families for a house with a garden. Even though some cities already offer a more differentiated range of housing, in most cases there is still a lack of innovative forms of housing for today's changing requirements (e.g. senior citizens' housing, temporary housing, shared housing). The mutual strengths of the centre, the surrounding area and the periphery must be used to offer people of all ages an ideal combination of housing, working and living. Due to globalisation, a new variety of life concepts, the dissolution of many social conventions and demographic change, living spaces today must be able to represent a very broad spectrum of uses. For the project, living is the focus through which the development of the entire region towards a high quality of life is viewed. Therefore, in addition to developing ideas for young living, multi-generational living, smart homes, temporary living, etc., development strategies are also on the agenda that jointly think about mobility, landscape and settlement development.

Project Lead: 

  • Eva Schwab

Project Partner:

  • Kampus Raumplanungs- und Stadtentwicklungs GmbH

Sponsor:

  • Regionalmanagement Obersteiermark Ost

Project Team Institute of Urbanism:

  • Sabine Bauer, Cornelia Pregatbauer

G2G

Innovation Axis Graz-Gleisdorf

06/2016 – 05/2017


© Institute of Urbanism

The predicted dynamic population and economic development for the urban agglomeration area around Graz (490,000 inhabitants by 2050) represents a major social challenge in terms of resource consumption, supply and disposal infrastructure, mobility or affordable housing. In addition to urban densification, development areas in the future must also be developed in the future Close to the city of Graz as well as supraregional centers. The S-Bahn network of Styria, which connects the provincial capital of Graz with surrounding municipalities and cities, is home to an immense potential for the future that needs to be targeted. The aim of the project is the development of test and demonstration areas in the framework of selected city (sub) development projects along the innovation axis Graz-Gleisdorf. For the future development of urban living quarters, an innovation and technology portfolio with a focus on smart urban space, compact settlement structure, mix of uses, city of short distances, generation housing, intermodal mobility, energy, integrated building and information and communication technologies (ICT) will be developed. It should be implemented in 2019/2020 demonstration areas.

Project Lead: 

  • StadtLABOR Graz

Project Partner:

  • AEE INTEC Gleisdorf
  • PLANUM Fallast, Tischler & Partner GmbH
  • Institute of Urbanism, TU Graz

Sponsor:

  • Klima- und Energiefonds

SCP

Smart City Project Graz 

07/2012 - 06/2017

 
© Martin Grabner

On a former industrial estate near Graz Central Station, an intelligent CO2-neutral district worth living in will be built by 2023. Innovative developments from the technology areas of buildings, energy networks and mobility will be combined in an integrative planning process with citizen participation to form an overall urban system. The 127,000 m2 quarter will in future offer space for around 3,500 residents and 1,000 jobs. The step-by-step realisation is currently being successfully completed.

In the course of the project it turned out several times that the formal instruments of spatial planning applicable in Austria are not sufficient to initiate and control a smart development process of a district. Therefore, new models for integrated and holistic urban planning and development processes are being developed, which can be applied to other districts of the target areas in Graz. Indicators have proven to be a helpful tool for evaluating a long-term development process and making recommendations for action. The indicators have to meet numerous requirements of a general and specific nature, from their significance and relevance to practicability, flexibility and transferability. Most existing indicator sets are not designed for urban quarters, but for cities as a whole or for individual buildings and can therefore only be used in part for the project area. Therefore, a set of indicators will be developed that is suitable for accompanying the development process of a Smart City neighbourhood from planning through step-by-step implementation to use.

Projekt Lead: 

  • City Graz, Municipal planning department

Project Partner:

  • Holding Graz
  • Energie Steiermark
  • Energie Graz GmbH & Co KG
  • SFL technologies
  • AVL List GmbH
  • DI Markus Pernthaler Architekt ZT GmbH
  • StadtLABOR Graz
  • SOT – Süd-Ost Treuhand Gesellschaft m.b.H.
  • Alfen Consult GmbH
  • ECO WORLD STYRIA Umwelttechnik Cluster
  • Institute for Highway Engineering and Transport Planning, TU Graz
  • Institute of Thermal Engineering, TU Graz
  • Institute of Electrical Power Systems, TU Graz
  • Institute for Materials Testing and Building Materials Technology, TU Graz

Sponsor:

  • BMVIT – City of the future
  • Klima und Energiefonds

KombiMO II – Combined mobility in Graz

Multimodal nodes as urbane mobility solution, phase II

07/2015 - 06/2018
 


© KombiMo-Researchteam

An important future challenge will be to meet the mobility needs of the Graz population by offering services that are as environmentally friendly, resource-saving, affordable, socially acceptable and attractive as possible. The mobility strategy of the City of Graz decided by the Municipal Council of the City of Graz provides for qualitative measures to shift the "modal split" in the direction of public transport and to push for new forms of mobility that support it. As part of the KombiMo II demonstration project, five multimodal nodes will be established as mobility hotspots for linking public transport, cycling, car sharing with e-vehicles and e-taxis and made accessible via a multimodal map. In the future, Graz residents will be able to meet their mobility needs comprehensively without having to own their own car. When placing the multimodal nodes, attention was paid to a good distribution among the user groups and the urban area as well as the inclusion of the two large urban development projects "Smart City Waagner Biro" and "Reininghaus". As part of the demonstration project, multimodal nodes will be implemented at the following locations: Hasnerplatz, Schillerplatz, Messe, Smart City (List-Halle), Reininghaus (Central Park). In the course of the project, the framework conditions for the transfer to regular operation and, if necessary, a step-by-step rollout are to be verified.

Projekt managment:

  • Holding Graz Linien

Projekt partner:

  • City Graz, Department of Traffic Planning
  • Energie Graz GmbH
  • WKO Steiermark – Fachgruppe für Personenbeförderung mit PKW
  • e-mobility Graz GmbH
  • PLANUM FH Joanneum Quintessenz
  • Institute for Road and Traffic Engineering
  • Institute of Urbanism
  • Institute of Automotive Engineering

Sponsor:

  • BMVIT – e-Mobilität for all: Urban electric mobility

ECR Energy City Graz-Reininghaus

Urban strategies for redesign, construction, operation and
Restructuring of the self-sufficient district Graz-Reininghaus

01/2010 - 12/2014 

© City Graz, editing: Institute of Urbanism

ECR_Energy City Graz Reininghaus is the first concretely implemented energy planning project at district level in the state capital Graz. It provided comprehensive city planning and energy technology recommendations for the sustainable development of the future Graz-Reininghaus district. With a surface of 110 hectares, the former brewery site is the largest undeveloped contiguous inner-city area in the central city area of ​​the city of Graz.

The desired mixture of use of living, working, leisure and recreation enables the networking of different energy-technical potentials with local consumers, e.g. the use of industrial waste heat for space heating and domestic hot water preparation of residential and office use. This approach creates networked systems that are not based on the system boundary of a building, but on the system boundary of a district (building association).

The framework plan for Graz-Reininghaus and the land use plan of Graz-Reininghaus served as the basis for the development of an urban development concept and the proposal for a possible development structure.

The master plan divides the urban development area Graz-Reininghaus into several quarters. After analyzing the urban planning and energy technology inventory and the development of a building mass distribution, a possible construction phase plan was drawn up.

The demonstration building project Plusenergieverbund Reininghaus Süd was the first building block in Graz-Reininghaus: an urban residential area with 143 residential units in the south of Peter Rosegger Straße in sustainable wood-clay construction combined with a multifunctional, two-storey office and business complex. Here, an economically feasible, technically and organisationally innovative solution for plus-energy composite concepts of the future is used, whereby the plus-energy approach does not take place on the level of the individual building, but within a multifunctional building network.

The pioneering work of the ECR project lies not only in the conception of the framework energy plan and the initiation of demonstration construction projects, but also in the networking of administration, research and industry.


Project partners Framework Energy

Project Lead:

  • Institute of Urban Design, Graz University of Technology

Project partners:

  • Institute for Geography and Spatial Research, KF UNI Graz
  • Chamber of Civil Engineers for Styria and Carinthia
  • Urban Development Graz
  •  Environment Agency Graz
  • Institute of Thermal Engineering, TU Graz
  • Institute for Electrical Power Systems, TU Graz
  • Institute for Process and Particle Technology, TU Graz
  • Institute for Material Testing and Building Material Technology, TU Graz

Project Partner Demobau Project

Project Lead:

  • AEE INTEC (scientific project management of demo construction project)

Project Partners:

  • Active Klimahaus GmbH
  • WEGRAZ GmbH
  • Nussmüller Architekten ZT GmbH
  • Institute of Urban Design, TU Graz
  • Institute for Material Testing and Building Material Technology, TU Graz
  • www.tvfa.tugraz.at

Sponsor:

  • BMVIT - House of the Future Plus
  • Land Steiermark, Department 15 - Energy, Housing, Technology, Energy and Housing

STEK Villach

 Urban Development Concept City of Villach 2015

 03/2014 – 06/2015


© Institute of Urbanism

The revision of the City Development Concept 2000 (STEK 2000) of the city of Villach offered the opportunity to go new ways both in terms of content and process. On the one hand, the topic of "sustainable, energy-efficient urban development" should be more focused and coordinated with current or planned smart city initiatives and projects in Villach. On the other hand, stakeholder involvement and citizen participation were strategically considered from the outset and methodically implemented. Current topics and issues of the "city of the future", such as urban mobility, urban living and working, urban and socially compatible internal consolidation, the integration of renewable energy systems and new models of governance and participation, were given special consideration.After several expert workshops on the topics "Urban Development 2.0", "Urban Life", "Environment & Resources", "Economy & Employment" and "Urban Infrastructure", concrete recommendations for action were developed for the city of Villach.

Project Lead:

  • Institute of Urbanism, TU Graz

Project partners:    

  • StadtLABOR Graz
  • Institute for Process and Particle Technology, TU Graz
  • Institute of Highway Engineering and Transport Planning, TU Graz
  • Institute of Thermal Engineering, TU Graz

Sponsor:

  • Magistrate Villach

A&W@RH

Working and living in the Smart City Reininghaus

01/2015 - 08/2016

Since the 1970s, Europe's cities have become increasingly de-industrialised. Production companies are migrating or being driven out of urban regions. Over the next 15 years, a new district is created in Graz in the immediate vicinity of numerous "classic" companies on the former industrial site of Reininghaus. Due to the immediate proximity of the companies, there is potential for conflict as well as possible synergy effects with regard to energy systems, traffic, residential quality or integrated neighbourhood design.

With this exploratory project a demonstration project has been prepared in Graz/Reininghaus, which exemplarily implements the cooperation of industrial and commercial enterprises with residential areas (incl. energy and traffic issues) as well as the compatibility and long-term compatibility of different uses in urban neighbourhoods. A forward-looking involvement of relevant stakeholders such as companies, municipal authorities, local residents and investors should make it possible to avoid conflicts of use, but also to fulfil many criteria of a Smart City, such as short distances, energy networks, innovative transport solutions or local supply strategies, through jointly developed cross-sector solution scenarios. As part of the exploratory study, a concept was developed for how measures for an integrated residential working area can be put into practice in a subsequent SmartCity demo project. The possibility of applying the stakeholder processes and the developed solution scenarios to other urban industrial locations was always at the forefront of the project.


Project Lead:

  • StadtLABOR Graz

Project Partner:

  • Kampus Raumplanungs- und Stadtentwicklungs GmbH
  • Institute for Highway Engineering and Transport Planning
  • AEE - Institute for Sustainable Technologies
  • Institute for Urbanism, TU Graz

Sponsor:

    Climate and Energy Fund - Smart Cities

ERP_hoch3

Energy Spatial Planning for Smart City Quarters

and Smart City Regions

09/2014 - 08/2016 


© Michael Malderle, Institute of Urbanism

As part of the nationally funded research project "ERP_hoch3", the topic of energy space planning was examined, examined and simulated on three focal planes. While "ERP" stands for energy planning, the "3" stands for three different spatial references: urban quarters, public transport axes and intercommunal area potentials of renewable energies (region).In three Austrian city regions (Vienna, Graz, Feldkirch-Vorderland), existing control instruments with energy relevance were researched and from this, actionable recommendations for energy area planning were developed for city regions. The end product consists of three guidelines for urban planning, neighborhoods along public transport stops (public transport axes) and intercommunal land potentials for renewable energy sources.The research area in Vienna is located around the two largest inner-city development areas, the Northwest and North Railway Station. The study area in Graz coincides with the peripheral area of ​​the Smart City target area Graz-Süd. Two railway axes were investigated, which proceed from the defined potential zones in Vienna and Graz: "Wien - Gänserndorf" (Northern Railway) and "Graz - Gleisdorf" (Eastern Railway).

Project Lead:    

Institute of Spatial Planning, Department Regional Planning and Regional Development, TU Vienna

Project Partner:

  • Institute of Urban Design, Graz University of Technology    
  • Institute of Process and Particle Technology, Graz University of Technology

Grantor:    

  • BMVIT - city of the future