SS 2021

DASEIN IST CO-DESIGN VOL 2

GROWING A MORE-THAN-HUMAN TOWER

Masterstudio:
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker
Univ. Ass. Patricia Ventura

Entwerfen 4:
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Dipl.-Ing. Tobias Brown
Mag. arch. Valentin Scheinost

It’s time to take a breath again! The current pandemic has shown that we do not breathe alone, but always collectively: with animals, plants, pollutants, or viruses. We want to consider the awareness of this morethan-human alliance as an opportunity for envisioning alternative ways of living – and alternative forms of architecture.

What happens when we start integrating the planetary biosphere and everything that lives with/in it into our design considerations? What happens when we create spaces where human, nonhuman, transhuman, and unknown agencies are equally operative? How might it be possible to live in such spaces - no longer against each other, but with each other?

In this studio, we want to further cultivate “co-design” as a methodology to fundamentally rethink the traditional paradigms of architecture, typology, and program. This approach will involve designing a vertical, communal structure for 500 residents. This structure will be a “growing” structure that sees itself as a metabolic system – a spatially translated planetary imaginary.

Parallel to the interactive design work, national and international experts will provide essential impulses for future oriented and resilient planetary design. During the studio, we will not only design architectural statements but also shape the architectural discourse in thinking of social, atmospheric, or vegetal performativity. Let us immerse into our own future! Breathing = Designing!

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COUNTRYSIDE REVISITED

RURAL INNOVATIONS AS POTENTIALS FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Performative Landscapes (153.821)
Mag.arch. Valentin Spiegel-Scheinost
DI Tobias Brown

In this Seminar we are going to trace the structures of performative landscapes on the countryside and investigate their potentials as tools for spatial concepts.

According to UN data the most part of the global population is expected to be living in urban areas in near future. The need to find ways for a sustainable lifestyle on our planet has more and more become a question of sustainable development of urban growth. Everything seems to be focussing on the urban. But what ever happened to the countryside?

The central thesis of a recent exhibit of OMA is the following paradox: our current form of urban life has necessitated the organization, abstraction, and automation of the countryside at an unprecedented scale. Data storage, fulfillment centers, genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, robotic automation, economic innovation, worker migration, and the private purchase of land for ecological preservation are in many cases more actively explored and experimented with in the countryside than the city.

That's why we're going to do a trip to the country: Where can we find these invisible protagonists? In which patterns and structures do they emerge? We will no longer see the city and the country as a dichotomy but rather as two associates depending on each other. And most of all: Can these new forms and systems bring new findings, could they provide a toolkit for new spatial concepts and thus help to break old habits and patterns of architectural design?

In this course you will learn to correlate your design strategies to the happenings of the 98% of our planet's surface which is not being covered by cities. This will help you set your future design tasks into a bigger - and thus more relevant - image.

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KLIMA HAUS HALT

KLIMAKRISE - NEUE RÄUME & KLIMAPOSITIVE PRAKTIKEN

FutureLab (153.807)
Dipl. Ing. Andreas Goritschnig

„Right here, right now, is where we draw the line. The world is waking up, and change is coming whether you like it or not.“

With her emotional speech at the UN Climate Summit on September 23, 2019 in New York, Greta Thunberg has once again proven that she wants to wake us ALL up for the climate. Why? Because we are facing the biggest crisis of our civilization. We have known for decades that our CO2 emissions need to be radically curbed. Now we have 7.5 years left to implement massive changes in our lifestyles and systems to reach the maximum 1.5 degrees of warming that was made binding in Paris 2015. Little time for one of the biggest tasks of mankind!

What can we do? What can each of us do actively? How can this task also become a task for architects? What do architects have to learn? What does the 'architecture' of this great social task look like? What spaces do we need to create and redesign? ...

These are the questions we will face in the Futurelab in the summer semester of 2021. We will discuss, research and design together to approach the idea of thinking beyond the design of the HOUSE into the everyday practice of HOUSING and design climate positive practices and living spaces.

For those who still doubt whether this has relevance for her or him, research the scientific facts or listen to Greta's simply urgent call:

"How dare you? You have stolen my childhood with your empty words. And I am still one of the lucky ones. People are suffering, people are dying, and ecosystems are collapsing. We are at the beginning of a mass extinction and you are all just talking about money and telling fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you? The science has been clear for forty years. How dare you still look the other way and sit here and say you're doing enough when the necessary solutions still aren't there? (...) You are letting us down, but the youth are beginning to realize how serious their betrayal is. The eyes of all future generations are on you. If you fail us again, we will never forgive you. We will not let you get away with it. Here and now is where we draw the line. The world is waking up and change is on the way, whether you like it or not."

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A VEGETATIVE GUIDE TO THE BUILDING

Bioclimatic Architectural Realms

Ecological Design (153.820)
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic, Dipl diz Master I Landskaparkitektur

The focus of this architectural seminar is to explore the exchange of synergies between the interior and the exterior space through plant performance.
We are asking the following questions that will give you answers on learning outcome:

  • What is the role of architecture in the network of intertwined relationships of the ecosystem?
  • How do you as an architectural designer make more inclusive environment through built form?
  • How do we as architects translate our imagination of ecology into a built form?
  • How interior and exterior have progressively merged into a unique complex system?

The aim of this seminar is to present to you and to reveal the systematic ecological approach. By doing so, you will learn the relation between live matter and built form, where plant performance takes an important role. Plant material and bioclimatic comfort will be important agencies and the main lenses to teach you on what to consider regarding sustainable building design.

The course will reflect on vegetative architectural examples, and by analysing the built structures, you will learn principles on what to pay attention for future design assignments.

We will communicate through drawings and short description texts, although the drawings will play the major role in architectural communication.

Schedule:
(online WebExMeetings and possible teaching in class)
FRI 16.04 13:00 – 15:00
FRI 23.04 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 30.04 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 07.05 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 21.05 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 28.05 13:00 – 17:00

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FRUITCITY

Univ. Ass. Patricia Lucena Ventura
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

Imagine the city was a huge garden, where in every street there was a different fruit, in front of every house a different taste to pick. Especially in times of changing climate a remarkable view!

Let’s move a little closer to this harvestable city! Fruitmap.at is a platform created by the Institute of Architecture and Landscape to map publicly usable fruit trees and shrubs so that freely accessible, edible resources in urban space become visible to everyone.

Our workshop is dedicated to updating this idea. Together, we want to swarm out, discover the city and identify places that have the potential to become new meeting places to linger and enjoy. The following questions will be considered:

Which unexpected spatial qualities could be triggered by the merging of architecture and landscape architecture? How would the atmosphere of the place change with the seasons? What would be the ecological and social benefits?

Through field studies, intensive drawing sessions and model building, we train lateral thinking and reduce ideas to their essentials in the one-week workshop.

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WS 2020/2021

DASEIN IST CO-DESIGN

TOWARDS COLLECTIVE LIVELIHOODS IN POST-PANDEMIC TIMES

Masterstudio:
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Univ. Ass. Julian Raffetseder
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker
Univ. Ass. Patricia Ventura

Entwerfen 4:
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Dipl.-Ing. Tobias Brown
Mag. arch. Valentin Scheinost

With all its might, COVID-19 together with an even more pointed climate crisis, require a radical rethinking of established architectural typologies and forms of how we are living together. Most essentially, the understanding of anthropocentric “togetherness” is to be transformed into a planetary imaginary including all live – under our integrating sky.

As interior space – aka Architecture – almost becomes criminalized due to potential aerosol threats, architects have an exclusive chance to think outside the box.

This design studio provides the freedom to consider the current pandemic situation as an impulse to imagine inclusive ecologies of architecture. In interactively developing a communal horizontal urban structure for 500 inhabitants in Gothenburg, Sweden, architecture and our planetary ecosphere will be linked beyond modernist dogma.

Parallel to interactive design work, national and international experts will provide essential impulses for future-oriented and resilient planetary design. During the studio, we will not only design architectural statements, but also shape the architectural discourse in thinking of atmospheric and vegetal performativity.

What can architecture look like that does not negate or solve the present, but develops collaboratively with/in it? Can new approaches in thinking and designing provide an answer to dealing with COVID-19 and even suggest hopeful spatial narrativesfor the whole planet?

Let us immerse into our own future!

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INTERIOR LANDSCAPES

ARCHITECTURE AND PLANT PERFORMANCE

URBAN ECOLOGY AND DESIGN (153.806)
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic, Dipl diz Master I Landskaparkitektur

During the seminar, we will discuss, research, develop and speculate the ideas starting on how interior space you live is synergizing with the exterior. The focus of this seminar is to explore the exchange of synergies between the interior and the exterior space through plant performance. In doing so, we want to connect the plant performance with interior space of your room and exterior space. We are asking the following questions that will give you answers on learning outcome:

• Why interior plants?
• What are the future possibilites for interior vegetation?
• What is our role in the network of intertwined relationships of the ecosystem?
• How do you as a designer make more inclusive environment through built form?

The course will reflect on historical and contemporary examples on how such design thinking through the scales of architecture, was and can be integrated into architectural practice. The aim is to unveil design strategies that crossed the history of architecture and are emerging in contemporary times; understanding the co-relation between live matter and built form through plant performance. The aim is to embrace your learnings on how to connect the living interior to the exterior and translate it to space through drawing sessions. We will learn designing with this relationship between architecture and living ennvirnonment. In this context, our imagination can encourage and enhance the spontaneous exchange between our bodily senses, the earthly sensuous and built into one inclusive environment!

SCHEDULE:
(online WebExMeetings)
FRI 13.11 13:00 – 15:00
FRI 20.11 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 27.11 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 04.12 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 11.12 13:00 – 17:00
FRI 18.12 13:00 – 17:00

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ARCHITECTURE OF CHANGE

KLIMAKRISE - ARCHITEKTUR JENSEITS DER LINIE 

FUTURE LAB (153.807)
Univ. Ass. Andreas Goritschnig, Dipl.-Ing.

"Right here, right now, is where we draw The line. The world is waking up, and change is coming whether you like it or not.

With her emotional speech at the UN climate summit in New York on September 23, 2019, Greta Thunberg proved once again that she wants to shake us all up for the climate. Why? Because we are facing the greatest crisis of our civilization. For decades we have known that our CO2 emissions must be radically reduced. Now we have 8.0 years left to implement massive changes in our way of life and in our systems in order to reach the maximum 1.5 degree warming that was bindingly set in Paris in 2015. Little time for one of the biggest tasks of mankind!

What can we do? What can each and every one of us do? How can this task also become a task for architects? What do architecture students have to learn? What does the 'architecture' of this great social task look like? Which spaces do we have to create and redesign? ...

These are the questions we will be asking ourselves again at the Futurelab in the winter semester 20/21, just as we will be facing up to our responsibility as human beings and as scientists. We will discuss, research, develop, design and perhaps even take action together!

Anyone who still doubts whether this is relevant for him or her should research the scientific facts or simply listen to Greta's urgent appeal:

"How dare you? You stole my childhood with your empty words. And yet I am still one of the lucky ones. People suffer, people die, and ecosystems collapse. We are at the beginning of a mass extinction and you all just talk about money and tell fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you? Science has been clear for forty years. How dare you still look away and sit here and say that you are doing enough when the necessary solutions are still not there? (...) You are abandoning us, but young people are beginning to understand the gravity of your betrayal. The eyes of all future generations are on you. If you fail us again, we will never forgive you. We will not let you get away with it. Here and now is the point where we draw the line. The world is waking up and change is on the way, whether you like it or not."

TERMINE - online per SKYPE / work per PADLET
Do. 19.11. 9-13 Uhr Start Up! / Research
Fr. 20.11. 9-13 Uhr Research
Do 26.11. 9-13 / 14-17 Uhr Design
Fr 27.11. 9-13 Uhr Design
Do 03.12. 9-12 Uhr Presentation

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SS 2020

LIMA PARTICULAR:

INHABITING FOG ARCHITECTURES

Masterstudio:
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Univ. Ass. Aleksandra Pavicevic
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

Entwerfen 4:
Dipl.-Ing. Tobias Brown

This studio investigates how fog harvesting in Lima, Peru, can motivate the design of new architectures that embrace different scales and agents. We will design context-related, sustainable architectural prototypes for housing and communal functions that creatively engage with the climatic phenomenon of the fog.

About 20% of Lima’s population is without access to the drinking water network. Rapid population growth and informal settlements are concerned with the future Municipal Environmental Plan, which restricts the expansion of the city towards the outskirts.

Modern-day El Niño, the Cold Humboldt Current, and the topographic the setting of Lima provides favorable conditions for fog formation. The water particulars offer a crucial source for air humidity-depended vegetation, mostly formed on the outskirts, and established the peculiar social practice of fog harvesting to collect drinking water.

We see these conditions as a great potential to address the environmental and social challenges within Lima and to suggest productive forms of living and habitation by the intelligent integration of existing resources and low-tech based strategies into new hybrid architectures.

This design inquiry expands on the knowledge that we gained in the previous Summer Semester, where we tackled the potentials for new inclusive architectures for exceptional climates in Lima. Fog catchers and fog harvesting were introduced as a building material, but how can that go beyond just a wall or façade?

How can we creatively integrate the intangible potential of the fog into a synergetic architectural design of low-cost housing, and overcome the complex environmental and human conflict in low-income areas to support a better life for those in need?

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WS 2019/2020

PABELLÓN MEXTRÓPOLI 2020

A PAVILLION TO ACCLIMATIZE THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

Masterstudio
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Guest Prof. SIlvia Benedito
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

E3
Prof.Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Aleksandra Pavicevic
Tobias Brown, Dipl.-Ing.

In the forthcoming Masterstudio/E3, we are turning NANO! Nanotecture means small-scale ARCHITECTURE with big A/EFFECT! We will focus on the elements that are often overlooked in traditional architectural production: climate, atmosphere, weather, temperature, interaction, performance. How can we develop ARCHITECTURES that take on these “marginal” contents and strongly radiate into their surroundings despite small size, restricted materials, and limited budget? What new ARCHITECTURAL solutions can we propose in times of climate change and progressing ecocide? This is where ARCHITECTS have an essential and responsible role to play!

The context for the Masterstudio/E3 is Mexico City. Here, we want to design (and build) a performative pavilion for the Architecture Festival 2020. Departing from the architectural typology of the pavilion, we will envision “climatized follies,” which are created in the climatic, atmospheric, and cultural context of Mexico City. Our design will build on traditional Mexican architecture, magical realism, literature, vegetation, microclimate, and innovative technologies and tools.

The aim of the Masterstudio/E3 is to design small-scale ARCHITECTURES for Mexico City that relate architecture and landscape together in new forms. These nanotectures will become prototypes of a new, climate-based architecture that emerges from a spatial awareness of the lively togetherness that surrounds us at every moment.

“I don’t divide architecture, landscape and gardening; to me they are one.” – Luis Barragán

The Masterstudio/E3 will participate in the competition for realization the Pabellón Mextrópoli 2020 in Mexico City.

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ARCHITECTURE BEYOND THE LINE

CLIMATECRISIS – DESIGNING ‚ARCHITECTURES OF CHANGE‘

FUTURE LAB (153.807)
DI Andreas Goritschnig
https://andreasgoritschnig.wordpress.com

“Right here right now, is where we draw the line. The world is waking up, and change is coming. Whether you like it or not.”

With her emotional speech at the UN Climate Summit on September 23 in New York, Greta Thunberg once again proved that she wants to awaken US ALL for the climate. Why? Because we are facing the greatest crisis of our civilization. For decades we have known that our CO2 emissions must be radically reduced. Now we have only 8.5 years to implement massive changes in our lifestyles and systems to achieve the necessary 1.5 degree warming that was agreed in Paris in 2015. Little time, for one of the greatest tasks of mankind!

What can we do? What can each of us do? How can this task also become a task for students of architecture and architects? How does the ‘architecture’ of this great social task look like? Which spaces do we have to create and design?

These are the questions we will raise in the Futurelab in the winter semester 19/20, as well as our responsibility as people and as scientific workers, and we will discuss, research, develop, design and become active together!

Those who still doubt whether this is relevant for them or for them will research the scientific facts or hear Greta’s simply urgent appeal:

“How dare you! You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. And yet I'm one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction, and all you can talk about is money and fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you! For more than 40 years, the science has been crystal clear. How dare you continue to look away and come here saying that you're doing enough, when the politics and solutions needed are still nowhere in sight. (...)You are failing us. But the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. The eyes of all future generations are upon you. And if you choose to fail us, I say: We will never forgive you. We will not let you get away with this. Right here, right now is where we draw the line. The world is waking up. And change is coming, whether you like it or not.”

–Greta Thunberg, UN Climate Summit, 23.09.2019

(https://www.facebook.com/1438823342/posts/1021505 7751424061?sfns=mo)

SCHEDULE:

TUE 19.11. 1 pm 4 pm                        Start Up!
FRI 22.11. 9 am - 1 pm                        Concepts
FRI 29.11. 9 am - 12 am / 1 pm - 5 pm Design / Make
FRI 06.12. 9 am - 1 pm                        Design / Make
FRI 13.12. 9 am -12 am                                   Presentation

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GARDEN AS HOUSE

ENVISIONING SPACES BETWEEN ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE

Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Anouk Vogel, B.A.(Hons.)

Could a house and its garden, or surrounding landscape, be intertwined in such a way that they would lose their individual meaning but without the presence of one another? What unexpected spatial qualities could the merging of architecture and landscape architecture trigger? And what would be the impact on daily life? How would the atmosphere of the house change with the seasons? What would be the environmental gain?

This workshop offers an exercise in understanding landscape architecture as an integral part of architecture. We will explore the world of compact, unconventional, and poetic living from the perspective of landscape architecture.

Through intense drawing sessions and model making we will train lateral thinking and reduce ideas to their absolute essence.

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PLANTASTIC

A VEGETATIVE GUIDE FOR ARCHITECTS

URBAN ECOLOGY AND DESIGN (153.806)
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic Dipl diz. Master i landskapsaritektur
 

This summer, The Institute of Architecture and Landscape had the opportunity to build the installation in the main atrium of Wellington School of Architecture and Design, during Architecture Days Festival in New Zealand and it presents reflections on plant performance, microclimate and design.

Within the usage of vegetative material in enclosed spaces, interiors have been used as devices and methods for creating and controlling microclimatic conditions, for more than 3000 years which have enabled us to reflect continuously.

The seminar this semester explores the genealogy of plants and their cultural and ecological performance in interior setting. The needs for maintenance and growing for extended seasons in unnatural environment have been not only the part of scientific research but as well important cultural exchange and design challenge within realm of architecture. Therefore, the seminar proposes the expansion of the role of plants in interior beyond their obvious aesthetic narratives.

The course will as well reflect on the historical to contemporary examples on how such design thinking, was and can be integrated into practice. It aims to unfold the ways of how do we communicate interior spaces with vegetative material, and will look on needs of spaces from technical-tangible, to cultural and performative-intangible point of view and their reflections on climatic conditions. We will look at the examples of spaces within different public programs, from botanical gardens, exhibition spaces to offices. This seminar is the part of the ongoing research of the Institute and therefore the process of teaching and students’ learning and independent research in groups of 2 will be acknowledged and guided for producing the material for upcoming semestral work of the institute.

TERMIN:

                Dienstag 19.11 1500 – 1800
                Dienstag 03.12 1500 – 1800
                Dienstag 10.12 1500 – 1800
                Dienstag 07.01 1500 – 1800
                Dienstag 14.01 1500 – 1800
                Dienstag 21.01 1500 – 1800
                Dienstag 28.01 1500 – 1800

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SS 2019

INTO THE WHITE

NEW ARCHITECTURES FOR EXCEPTIONAL CLIMATES
 

ENTWERFEN 4 (153.507)
Dipl.-Ing. Tobias Brown
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Univ. Ass. Aleksandra Pavicevic
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

In this year's E4 seminar, we want to transform desert outskirts and sparsely populated desert regions within Peru into habitable and productive habitats by the intelligent use of existing resources and the application of low-tech based strategies. Therefore, we will design in all connecting scales: From the object to architecture towards the landscape.

Peru's coastal strip lies in the rain shadow of the Andes and is influenced by the cold Humboldt Current of the Pacific. This unique combination results in almost no precipitation and extreme dryness, while the air is unusually humid. At the same time, Peru faces social, economic and political challenges. In this year's E4 seminar, we want to address these different agencies and show how they can be creatively combined into a synergetic, innovative whole.

A sensitized awareness of the problem should enable a positive reinterpretation of the prevailing conditions through the development of creative design solutions. We will design context-related, architectural prototypes, which use the climatic peculiarities to ensure a self-sufficient water supply, laying the foundation for new and inclusive living environments!

How do architectures look like that embrace the manifold challenges of the environment and even transform deficiencies into abundance?

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URBAN FUTURE, NOW!

CULTURE CREATES URBAN FUTURE

FUTURE LAB (153.807)
DI Andreas Goritschnig

With the Culture Year 2020 under the theme ‘Culture Creates Urban Future’, Graz places urban life ‘of the future’ at the center of an investigating, artistic, experimental and visionary debate. We are looking for innovative, interdisciplinary and/or participatory projects that will sensitize and ready the people of Graz to future issues in a variety of ways.

Questioning traditional economic models, answering to global challenges such as climate change, breaking with ‘business as usual’ as well as envisioning new neighborhoods are as much in focus as the activation of new public spaces. The culture year sees itself as a source of impetus for future urban developments.
 
Within the course FutureLab in the summer semester 2019, we will address this topic and its various implications, and will develop our own ideas, concepts and small-scale designs. To do so, we will reflect on global challenges as well as international trends, embark on the urban space of Graz, and work collaboratively to develop new practices beginning today and pointing towards future ways of living.

The aim will be to design projects so far that they can be implemented in the context of a larger project in 2020.

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OASIS: THE GREEN DESERT

DESIGNING ARCHITECTURAL PROTOTYPES FOR DESERT ENVIRONMENTS

Landlab CASE (153.805)
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Maria Chiara Pastore, PhD (Politechnico di Milano, IT)

More than 20 percent of the Earth’s surface are deserts – and deserts grow! While desertification is already known as caused by human action, it still continues to make essential agricultural areas become inefficient, thus withdrawing the livelihood of millions of people. Unprecedented forms and amounts of migration movements are to a great deal caused by anthropogenic climate-driven conditions, causing precarious situations on social, political, environmental and health levels, often resulting in a question of mere survival. 

Since the 1970s only a few projects have been succeeded to approach these challenges in an affirmative and inclusive way, developing practices for improving both local and global situations: Through cooperative re-afforestation projects in Africa, i.e. soil temperatures were reduced, wind streams changed and rainfalls rose. These projects suggest a different way of thinking, where desert areas can be transformed into flourishing forward-looking model regions.

CASE: OASIS – The Green Desert wants to further embrace contemporary challenges, realities and interconnections, and to develop tools and strategies to turn deserts into an integrative medium suggesting innovative solutions and creative environments for facing our planet in the epoch of the Anthropocene. Situated within 15th latitude, the course will design innovative architectural prototypes – affirmatively integrating deserts’ local conditions, resources, vegetation, climate, biodiversity and social structures – that creatively embrace low-tech, innovative technologies and cooperative local practices. 

CASE: OASIS – The Green Desert fundamentally rethinks the relationship between the human being and the environment, wherein “culture and nature” are not any longer a dialectic pair of opposites with apparently irreconcilable conflicts of interests. Nature and landscape, their ecology and dynamism may become an integral part of our societal ambitions and  decisions – developing a precarious situation full of abundance, and an architecture of living spatial practices! A Green Desert! Sign in soon!

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URBAN DESERT MICRO CLIMATES

ECOLOGICAL DESIGN (153.820)
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Guest: Christiana Pitsillidou, Atelier Oslo, NO

The concrete channelization of the Los Angeles river creates a global memory as endless plane and playground for fantasy production in many Hollywood films. 

Nowadays, the dry LA River zone is envisioned beyond its function as “escape-route” — now in a playful manner, as synthetic organism of recreation and urban revitalization oasis of restored habitats, introducing nature, art and play.

In a playful way, communities, spirits, minds and health of people can be built. Play involves and encourages us to be curious. Play is an essential element of the education of our children and future generations. Arts, culture experience and education are essential to 21st Century success.

PLAY: L.A. aims to envelop contemporary urban realities and fantasies, and to further develop concepts through micro interventions in urban context. What you learn: Through urban micro interventions you will explore and learn how to implement the knowledge of analyzing complex urban contexts and applying contextual learnings to future urban design tasks.

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WEATHERARCHITECTURES


INCLUSIVE DESIGN FOR DESERT ENVIRONMENTS

Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

- How can architecture initiate a potential future that builds on contemporary global challenges?

- How can architecture react on weather phenomena and climatic conditions to propose and enable new ways of living?

- How can architecture design vibrant interactions to motivate living social, cultural, ecological and economic practices?

- How can we think and design “inclusively” and create spaces that open up living conditions and stimulating qualities?

Following the topic of “weatherarchitectures” in the arid context of Lima, Peru, we are answering these questions and set off for creative and diverse small-scale solutions for contemporary and future practices in urban space.

Departing from the cultural technique of “fog catching”, we will create spaces and constructions that build on weather, climatic, social, geographical or cultural conditions, re-think them anew, and suggest new prototypical future-headed solutions.

In the one-week workshop, you will learn methods and strategies for conceptualizing, drawing and designing “weatherarchitectures” that give space to novel forms of living, producing and acting in extreme environments! Sign up soon!

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WS 2018/2019

FROM OBJECT TO FIELD

ARCHITECTURES FOR PRODUCTIVE URBAN MICROCLIMATES 

MASTERSTUDIO (153.777)
Landlab CASE (153.804)
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Dipl.-Ing. Katharina Hengel
Univ. Ass. Bernhard König
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker 

ENTWERFEN 3 (153.506)
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Dipl.-Ing. Tobias Brown
Dipl.-Ing. Katharina Hengel
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

In the Master Studio “From Object to Field”, we will unfold the creative performativity of future ARCHITECTURES. In this future-focused studio approach to architecture we will think inclusively! In immersing in local microclimates and social networks, we will develop ARCHITECTURES that shift from singular objects to “field conditions”. As the emphasis on the object often negates the complexity of living systems – we will focus on alive social connections, varying climate and site conditions, and social processes that constantly are emerging and are in formation.

In the Master Studio “From Object to Field” we want to answer the questions: What are the ARCHITECTURES of performative field conditions? How can ARCHITECTURE embrace the temporality of a given site? How does ARCHITECTURE adjust its atmospheric conditions due to climate and changing program? And how can ARCHITECTURE and LANDSCAPE symbiotically perform as microclimatic instruments, in applying the advances of future technologies and system thinking?

To give answers to these questions, we will focus on Portugal – and on the specific context of the urban district Marvila – Lisbon’s newest creative hub. We will expand the task of designing a Community and Interpretive Centre (3000 m2) to become more than the design of a mere object: we will experiment, think and practice how architecture can perform in enhancing the district’s social, economic and environmental and climatic qualities.

Let us turn from one to the many, from individual to the collective, from mono-functional objects to living and multidimensional fields!

The Master Studio “From Object to Field” takes part in the University Award Competition of the 2019 Lisbon Triennial of Architecture.

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OBJECTS IN THE FIELD

Living productive microarchitectures for Lisbon, Portugal

WORKSHOP 1 (153.513)
Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Goritschnig
Univ. Ass. Christoph Solstreif-Pirker

- How must our public spaces be designed to play an active and productive role in people's lives?

- How can we think "inclusive" and generate spaces that open up changing conditions and stimulating qualities?

- How do these architectures react to local climatic conditions in order to stimulate or even make possible uses?

- How can architecture design living interactions to motivate diverse social, cultural, ecological or economic practices?

With the topic of microarchitectures in the context of Lisbon, Portugal, we are following the trail of imaginative and formative small solutions for present and future practices in the public space and urban field.

We create spaces that are shaped by social, climatic, geographical or cultural conditions, rethink these conditions and propose prototypical, forward-looking solutions.

The one-week workshop will teach methods for developing, drawing and atmospherically depicting "micro-architectures" that create space to new and reinterpreted practices in an urban environment: Objects in a field full of possibilities!

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TOWARDS WORLDING

ARCHITECTURAL STORYTELLING OF FIELD CONDITIONS THROUGH THE MOVING IMAGE

URBAN ECOLOGY AND DESIGN (153.806)
Univ. Ass. Biljana Nikolic

Imagine that you can control the weather, the Sun, the Moon, the land. Imagine you being an architect of your own universe! The Institute for Architecture and Landscape is giving you the seminar on worlding! Worlding is defined as an artificial art of creating an environment by choosing a present/condition, storytelling its past, simulating the future and nurturing it’s changes with its characters and ecologies/live matter – similar to the attributes of architect’s task.

Learning Result:
-Learn basics of video game software and 3d modeling for ecological simulation and representation, as opposition to parametric software, focused on geometry.
-Following given examples, you will learn how storytelling can be translated into a moving image.
-Learn about systems, networks, and technologies that are responsive, scalable, adaptable, non-linear, and multivalent, evolving through time and space.
-Learn about environmental imagination, while making sense of the complexity of technological and ecological systems
-Looking at the unpredictability of economic, ecologic and climatic conditions that leads us to imagine new means of design in given field conditions.

The seminar will be divided in two parts:
-in the first part, you will learn about responsive technologies through theory and speculative or built projects in the realm of different climatic conditions, scales and its representation
-in the second part, you will be having technical crash courses on tools.

The final phase will be following in the intensive week when realizing your storyboards on given examples into video format, representing your perspectives through time and space. Collecting the data and digitalizing the given environments inserting borrowing material from
digital libraries, the priority will be given to ecological performances. If you are familiar with other 3d packages, you are free to use them.

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SS 2018

LIVING FOREST

DESIGNING SYNTROPIC SYSTEMS

MASTERSTUDIO (153.777)
Landlab CASE (153.805)

Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Andreas Boden
Univ. Ass. Bernhard König

DESIGN 4 (153.507)
Univ. Ass. Tobias Brown
Univ. Ass. Christoph Pirker

The aim of the Master Studio "Living Forest" is to relate the performance of the forest to the urban environment. We want to create a dense neighborhood that enables for new integral forms of life, work and exchange to grow within the urban grid of Palmas, Brazil.

Based on references to site-specific practices and specificities, we investigate how forest and city can be built together. Let us design new hybrid typologies of a living forest ecosystem! The city of Palmas is structured by a modernist grid, which means a clear separation of meaning and content. Embedded in the tropical climate of the Amazonas basin, the lush vegetation and climatic conditions of the site are suppressed by technocratic patterns of urban planning.

Furthermore, the applied Brazilian Social Housing Program in Palmas ignores the climatic, ecological and social dimensions. At this point, we are facing the need for a new model, and the question is: Can we create vibrant systems that do not exclude, but explicitly connect existing influences and human aspirations? – Yes, we can! Today, more than 130’000 km2 of forest are cleared every year to serve human purposes, industrial agriculture, and non-functional urban development. We want a different concept of urbanity to become reality! 

“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” (R. Buckminster Fuller)

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MICROARCHITECTURES

FOR NEW URBAN LIVING

FUTURE LAB (153.807)
Univ. Ass. Andreas Goritschnig

In the Futurelab in the summer semester, we will develop 'microarchitectures' that connect human habitats with novel urban forest zones. 

These urban forest zones are equally habitats for animals and plants, improve the urban climate and create green oases in the city. The site of application for the micro architectures is defined as an urban development area in Palmas, Brazil, with a tropical climate and a diverse range of forest vegetation. 

The aim of the Furturelab is to use micro-architectures to show, draw and atmospherically depict new practices of interaction with the new lively urban green zones. From the communal urban forest kitchen to the coworking area in the shady open air.

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THERMODYNAMIC PATTERNS

FROM MOLECULAR TO URBAN

ECOLOGICAL DESIGN (153.826)
Univ. Ass. Marcello Fantuz

The seminar is part of an ongoing study on the role of thermodynamic interactions between climate and architecture.

The modern division of enclosed spaces from their surroundings has made architecture dependent on mechanical installations to achieve the comfort required by its inhabitants, and therefore has marginalized the architects' ability to create stimulating atmospheres. 

The seminar aims to surpass this division with a new thermodynamic understanding that allows architects to design spaces, select materials and plan program with the awareness of how local climatic conditions can be used and enable them to work integrally to achieve the desired performance. 

From the molecular to the territorial organisation every scale and shade of the research will offer us the opportunity to learn how heat is stored, transmitted and dissipated within the urban fabric. By analyzing a number of remarkable conditions we will be able to distill design principles that provide us with a thermodynamic understanding of spatial arrangements that can be offered to architects and planners alike. 

Our goal is to formulate a new diagrammatic vocabulary that will enable architects to work towards the creation of healthy, comfortable, and inspiring spaces while contributing to the formation of cities of the future.

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LUFTPAVILLON

BUILDING WITH AIR

WORKSHOP 2 (153.514)
Prof. Klaus K. Loenhart
Univ. Ass. Marcello Fantuz

Air, climate and atmosphere connect all living beings on earth. Air is food, information carrier, energy producer and resource at the same time. Their property, composition or movement contributes significantly to determining the atmosphere of a place and to establishing its specificity. Although air is one of the most important elements, as a creative design material it is difficult to grasp when compared to physical elements.

During the workshop we will ask ourselves: How can we depict air? Can we design with air? Can we create an air stream? What is air made of? What does it transport? Can we smell, hear and feel air?

Building on the expertise of the Institute for Architecture and Landscape, the workshop will explore new ways of thinking about air. Each group of students will design a conceptual artistic installation that places air at the center and addresses its nature, meaning, characteristics and potentials. The students encounter the sensory experience of a space in which each breath leads closer to an ecological consciousness.
 
„When you take a breath, you touch a part of the planet, with the inside of your body.“ (Tor Nørretranders)

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WS 2017/2018

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SS 2017

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WS 2016/2017

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WS 2015/2016

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